Contrary to the reply of Koninklijke Grolsch to the European Commission’s communication (§ 45), individuals P.P.S., R.S., H.O.B., P.M., K.H., L.S. were not employed by Koninklijke Grolsch, but by Grolsche Bierbrouwerij Nederland (§ 47). Thus, the judges say that they did not act on behalf of Koninklijke Grolsch.
According to the EU General Court, the notes of Mr. J.T., President of Administrative Council of Koninklijke Grolsch, on the invitation to a meeting with coordination of prices agenda dated 08/01/1999, and his 2 telephone conversations with directors of Heineken around 05/07/1999, do not prove the participation of Koninklijke Grolsch in the cartel agreement (§§ 61, 63). Previously Mr. J.T. had participated in the agreement only as a Director General of Grolsche Bierbrouwerij Nederland.
Documents of InBev company mention the participation of the “group Grolsch” in the cartel but do not indicate Koninklijke Grolsch as such (§ 56).
At the level of legal strategy, this case shows the way for transferring liability to a filial.